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St Albans Model Engineering Society


Verulamium Park.

Malcolm's Memories

I first became aware of the Society during the early 1950's. My father used to take me along to the lake on an August Bank Holiday to see the boats. In 1952 I started at St. Albans Boy's Grammar School and one of the routes to school from the City Station took me past a model shop (An offshoot of a plumbing shop I seem to remember). Kiel Kraft "Flying Scale" kits were bought and made – very few flew well and most crashed. At that time the "All Britain Rally" at the Handley Page aerodrome, Radlett, was an annual event and I used to be taken there in the morning, and collected in the evening. One thing I did notice was that the prevailing wind blew from the airfield, over the main St. Pancras line and on over some gravel pits the far side. There was a continuous stream of people going over the fence, crossing the railway and disappearing into the gravel pits – and there never seemed to be nearly as many coming back. I have never liked running or climbing trees, and my dad suggested to me that model boats would be a better bet as they took time to sink, and I would be more likely to be able to get them back.

So I made a boat- a "Spraymaster" which was an open speedboat about 2 feet long and powered with an ED Racer. This was an air cooled diesel engine of 2.5cc which I converted to a marine version using our newly acquired lathe to make a water jacket and flywheel.

About this time the school held a summer fete. I can still remember going up the stairs to the art room and finding lots of steam engines on a board all running on compressed air.

There were probably other models, but it was the moving bits that caught my imagination. In charge was Bert Saunders and he put up with me for the whole afternoon asking questions (no doubt many of them dumb). The result was that I joined the Society at the very next meeting. Peter Lambert was secretary, and Bert Saunders was chairman. I discovered a friendly bunch only too willing to help a raw young beginner. I soon realised that there were a number of leading lights in the hydroplane world among the members.

Stan Clifford who, pre WW2 had run the well known "Chatterbox" series of class 'A' flash steam hydros was now competing with 'Polyester'. As the name suggests, this was a fibreglass boat. It was of much more streamlined shape, incorporating the twin sponsons in a single moulding.

 'Polyester' had a 30cc two-stroke glo-plug engine of Stan's own design, and unusually for those days used a reed valve.

For the uninitiated, this type of valve is operated by the suction produced in the crankcase rather than being mechanically driven. The result is that the engine will run in either direction. I well remember one occasion when the engine having been started, gave a pop, then continued revving hard. The propeller was shoved into the water as usual, but instead of a huge rooster tail, the two surprised operators were drenched – the pop was the engine stopping and then starting in reverse.

Ken Hyder ran a C restricted class hydro – that was for commercially made engines up to 10cc. At that time he was running 'Slipper 5' which was the British record holder at just over 70 mph. In those days, the competitor had to nominate half, one and a half or two and a half laps before timing was started. Ken always nominated two and a half, and for two laps the boat would trundle round probably at about 30 mph much to the derision of the spectating public. During the next half lap it appeared to almost throw itself out of the water, and as the timing started it was up to 70+ mph. Very spectacular and accompanied by lots of OOHs and AAHs from said public.

Dick Phillips had a 'C' class hydro. C class was for homemade engines up to 10cc. Dick's boat 'Foz 2' had a copy of a Dooling 61 engine, and held the British record also at just over 70 mph.

Both Dick and Ken could be relied upon to produce competitive runs and usually it was one or the other who ended up with the fastest run of the day. 'Foz' is seen here with the earlier McCoy style engine installed.

Memories of two other boats stick in my mind. Both were from visiting competitors. There was a twin hulled 'C' class boat, George Stone's 'Lady Babs' that, year after year, always seemed to manage to take off and loop the loop, always ending in diving below the surface except on one occasion where it continued to run and then performed another loop a couple of laps later.

The other was a 'B' class hydro 'Nipper' belonging to Dr. M de B Daly. He had a small 'flag' geared down from the engine at 250:1 so he could check how fast the engine was revving during the run.

One of our wealthier members, Frank Croll, apart from being an excellent engineer, was also interested in photography. When hydroplanes were due to be run, he would take a table out beyond the circle, place a chair and tripod mounted camera on it and photograph the hydros as they passed in front of their owner (in those days, the person running the hydro would stay in the water just outside the circle, and when the boat had finished it's run, would hold out a stick to knock the shut-off valve closed). The photos he produced were superb – blown up to about A4 size they would show the hydroplane in front of the owner, and behind it a rising line of water drops thrown up as each blade of the prop came out of the water.

This was presented with the comment that "you know the length of the boat, the pitch of the prop and you can measure the distance between the drops of water and determine the slip. You also know how fast it was going and so can work our how fast the engine it going" All useful information. The photo above shows Ken Hyder's Slipper 5 at around the 70mph mark.

Another member who had a superb piece of engineering hidden away in his straight running launch was Frank Waterton. The boat was a hard chine cabin launch with a stepped hull about 4½ feet long with a 30cc 6 cylinder twin overhead camshaft engine in it – looked just like a miniature Jaguar engine. He gave a talk about it one evening, and someone commented that one big end looked rather close to the oil pump. "There’s two thou clearance! What do you want?" was the response. He also ran an 'A' class hydroplane 'Tally Ho' which although very reliable and fast could never quite manage to beat 'Polyester'.

Left to right:

Dick Phillips with 'Foz II'
Stan Clifford with 'Polyester'
Ken Hyder with 'Slipper 5'
Frank Waterton with 'Tally Ho'

Official St Albans bobble hats.

During the summer months some of us would meet at the lakeside during a Wednesday evening, sometimes to run hydroplanes and sometimes to practice straight running.  On one of the hydro evenings, Stan Clifford was trying out 'Polyester'. 90mph – wow! 20mph faster than ever before. During the following runs, the speed gradually dropped to the normal 70, with no clue as to why that wonderful run had happened.

As you may gather, most of my interest was with the boating side of the society.  During these first few years with the society, the 'Spraymaster' gave way to a Vic Smeed designed cabin cruiser which eventually had the cabin replaced by a streamlined top _ see photo. I also managed to build three IC engines – all of which ran after a fashion.

By now I had passed my driving test, and used to drive Ken Hyder’s "Bardahl" van transporting members’ boats to various regattas. It may have only been a Commer van based on the Hillman Minx, but it was the height of luxury and performance compared with the converted Morris 8 Post Office van of my fathers that I had learnt in.

By 1959 I had became interested in motor sport, and I’m afraid that the modelling took a back seat until the late seventies. Having been making a bit of silver and gold jewellery for a few years, and bought a lathe with the proceeds, model engineering was calling again. Before long, I decided I should rejoin the St. Albans Society. A phone call to Peter Lambert elicited the information that they still met on a Wednesday evening. Needless to say, I was at the following meeting, discovered that not only was Peter still secretary, but Bert Saunders was still in the Chair. I was greeted as though I had never left (rude comments about the beard notwithstanding), it was wonderful. 

So during the intervening 20 or so years the Society had progressed. The monthly gazette has changed from the duplicated format of the 70’s, following the various technological changes to the present high standard desktop publishing methods. An exhibition was being held each year, with venues from Harpenden Public Hall via Marconi’s, St. Albans Further Education College, and Marlborough School to it’s present location at Francis Bacon School. A permanent track had just been built at St. Georges School in Harpenden that unfortunately had to be dismantled as the school wanted the land for building, but the Puffing Field then became available through the generous permission of the present owner.

©copyrightMalcolm Beak2008

Each year over the August bank holiday weekend, St Albans plays host to the MPBA for a two day hydro regatta at the lake  in Verulamium Park. Saturday's main competition is for the Speed Trophy while the principle trophy on the Monday is the International.

Many thanks to Malcolm Beak for sharing his memories and photo's. Thanks to Phil Abbott, Tony Pilliner and John Hyder for additional photographs.